Forensics Science Techniques

You're reading Forensics Science Techniques, posted on Wednesday, February 2nd, 2011 at 10:38 pm in Science Experiments, on BrainBloggers at the Science blog. More after the jump.

The term “forensic” represents scientific processes and strategies which are designed to examine an offence and to make it easier to unravel lawful issues inside a court.  Forensic science, generally known as forensics, is the use of sciences to resolve questions with regards to an offence.  Forensic scientists are those people who loan their scientific knowledge to judges, lawyers and juries to understand the physical evidence of a criminal case.  As such, forensic scientists are necessary in determining in addition to convicting criminals.  Quite often, it is the evidence supplied by forensic scientists which confirms whether an individual is responsible or innocent in a criminal activity.


Forensic science is an exceedingly wide field and as such, it has many subdivisions.  Here are ten fascinating subdivisions of forensic science:

1.    Criminalistics – this is the application of various sciences to provide solutions regarding felony.  It involves the study of biological proof, trace evidence and impression proof which includes finger prints, wheel trails and shoes or boots effects.  As it relates to criminal research, proof is handled in a crime lab.

2.    Digital Forensics – as the name suggests, digital forensics focus on electronic as well as digital media.  It involves implementing scientific strategies to reestablish records from digital or electronic media.

3.    Forensic DNA Analysis – this department refers to inspecting an individual’s Dna in order to resolve forensic concerns particularly paternity or maternity testing, and looking into an offence such as rape.

4.    Forensic Engineering – in this division, structures along with products are evaluated to ascertain their breakdown or cause of wreck.

5.    Forensic Entomology – this section deals with insects in or on human remains.  Test is carried out on the insects to ascertain whether the body was moved after dying and also to determine the time and location of death.

6.    Forensic Chemistry – this division relates to the detection and recognition of prohibited substances, explosives and gunshot residues for usage in arson cases.

7.    Forensic Limnology – this is the assessment of evidence accrued at a crime scene near fresh water regions.  The utilization of organic organisms is useful in connecting a suspect with a victim.

8.    Forensic Pathology – in this discipline, the concepts of medicine and pathology are applied to ascertain a reason for dying where a legal enquiry is done.

9.    Forensic Psychology – this category studies the mind of individuals with the use of forensics to comprehend the circumstances in regards to a person’s criminal conduct.

10.    Forensic Toxicology – this category relates to substances and poisons and also the way they affect our body.


A forensic scientist studies the facts of a crime location and report conclusions to a court.  Evidence may be collected from the site of the criminal offense or on the victim, or both.  They study physical proof, administer tests and interpret data.  Upon studying the evidence, they attempt to build relationships from suspect to victim and then to the offense scene.  They illustrate their conclusions and show the way they have achieved their verdict in a statement that is utilized as testimony in a court of law.  These statements has to be lucid and honest.