Significance Of Forensic Science

You're reading Significance Of Forensic Science, posted on Tuesday, December 21st, 2010 at 6:03 am in Science Experiments, on BrainBloggers at the Science blog. More after the jump.

With shows such as Castle and Bones gaining popularity, the field of forensic science have suddenly gained ranking on the popularity ladder too. The sudden emergence of forensic has led many to believe that it is a recent addition to the field of science. But the truth is far from that. What is forensic science, exactly? Forensic scientists have been working alongside detectives and crime inspectors for many years. The field gained prominence back in 1784, when the police found a wad of paper in a victim’s head wound, which incidentally matched the newspaper in the murderer’s pocket, which helped the police to nab him.

The term is an umbrella term that covers broad range of specialities such as physical, digital and biological data and uses scientific techniques for legal purposes. If the term is used loosely, it covers all forms of policing such as food and substance regulation to criminal investigations. It is the application of some basic criminology science to the enforcement of laws within the criminal justice system.

To understand what is forensic science it is necessary to dig deeper, literally. It took a step ahead in the detection and prosecution in the beginning of the twentieth century. It took an even bigger leap in its field when molecular genetics developed enough to concept of technologies of DNA fingerprinting which was pioneered by 1984. Once this technique became common with the police enforcement, it played a major transformative role in detective fiction. This elevated the significance of amateur detectives and the characters of policemen were added as either foil to the detective or as bumbling comic characters, such as Thompson and Thomsons in the comic book Tintin.

The origins of modern forensic science, as mentioned above, dates back to centuries but one of the most significant developments was the creation of FBI Forensic Science laboratory in 1932. This is one of the largest laboratory dealing with forensics. Not to mention, the various crime labs at state, county, municipal and federal levels are modelled around the FBI laboratory.

What forensic science is, involves capable to change and its disciples should be able to adapt to change. It is challenging and is prone to evolution. If a person is not susceptible of change, he will have to, since this field of science is different from all other fields,. Along with physical exertion, there are psychological factors too. When forensic scientists deal with a crime, they not only establish the time, date and weapon used to commit the crime, but also the reason or motive for the murder. To top that, they also need to establish the psychological profile of the culprit too. Forensic scientists also need to have a working knowledge of the law too, to know if the conclusion they come up with, can be admitted in a court of law.

These scientists also need to every step they take with utmost care and precision. At times, they may be called upon to explain the purpose of their actions. This field is great for people who have an interest in crime and psychology. It is an excellent line if one likes working his/her brain cells and apprehending criminals.